Rutherford B. Hayes

19th President Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-188119th President Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-188119th President Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-188119th President Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-188119th President Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-1881

19th President Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-1881

19th President of the United States
(March 4, 1877 to March 3, 1881)

Full Name: Rutherford Birchard Hayes
Nickname: "Dark-Horse President"

Born: October 4, 1822, in Delaware, Ohio
Died: January 17, 1893, at Spiegel Grove in Fremont, Ohio

Father: Rutherford Hayes (1787-1822)
Mother: Sophia Birchard Hayes (1792-1866)
Married: Lucy Ware Webb (1831-1889), on December 30, 1852
Children: Birchard Austin Hayes (1853-1926); James Webb Cook Hayes (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt Hayes (1858-1927); Joseph Thompson Hayes (1861-63); George Crook Hayes (1864-66); Fanny Hayes (1867-1950); Scott Russell Hayes (1871-1923); Manning Force Hayes (1873-74)

Religion: No formal affiliation
Education: Graduated from Kenyon College (1842) and Harvard Law School (1845)
Occupation: Lawyer
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1865-67
  • Governor of Ohio, 1868-72
  • Governor of Ohio, 1876-77

Presidential Salary: $50,000/year

Presidential Election Results:

YearCandidatePopular VotesElectoral Votes
1876Rutherford B. Hayes4,036,572185
(map)Samuel J. Tilden4,284,020184

Vice President: William A. Wheeler (1877-81)


Secretary of State
William M. Evarts (1877-81)
Secretary of the Treasury
John Sherman (1877-81)
Secretary of War
George W. McCrary (1877-79)
Alexander Ramsey (1879-81)
Attorney General
Charles Devens (1877-81)
Postmaster General
David M. Key (1877-80)
Horace Maynard (1880-81)
Secretary of the Navy
Richard W. Thompson (1877-80)
Nathan Goff, Jr. (1881)
Secretary of the Interior
Carl Schurz (1877-81)

Supreme Court Justices:
John Marshall Harlan (1877-1911)
William Burnham Woods (1881-1887)

Notable Events:
  • 1877
    • Federal troops withdrew from the South ending Reconstruction.
    • Hayes battles Congress over civil service reform.
    • Striking railroad workers and federal troops clashed.
  • 1878
  • 1880
    • Hayes leaves Chicago in September on a 71-day tour of the west coast.
Internet Biographies:
Rutherford B. Hayes -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Rutherford B. Hayes -- from The American President
From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
Rutherford B. Hayes -- from Encyclopaedia Britannica
Facts about Hayes and his presidency.
Other Internet Resources:
The Best Biographies of Rutherford B. Hayes
In 2012, Stephen Floyd started his search for the best biography of each president. He usually has reviews of multiple biographies for each president.
Finding Precedent: Hayes vs. Tilden
Source materials, primarily from Harper's Weekly, around the historic events around the Electoral College controversy of 1876-1877. Includes a day-by-day timeline, editorial cartoons, and biographies of the key players.
Health and Medical History of Rutherford Hayes
Medical background of each president with references. Compiled by John Sotos, MD.
Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums
The first presidential library, the home, tomb and museum about the life of Hayes. Biographical and tourist information available.
Spiegel Grove
History of the Hayes Family home in Fremont, Ohio from 1873.
Points of Interest:

17 East William Street, Delaware, Ohio

Spiegel Grove, Fremont, OH 43420

Additional Facts:
  • Hayes' father died a few months before he was born.
  • Of the five presidents who served in the Civil War, Hayes was the only one to be wounded.
  • Arriving in San Francisco on September 8, 1880, Hayes became the first president to visit the West Coast while in office.
  • Hayes was the first president to graduate from law school.
  • Mrs. Hayes was known as "Lemonade Lucy" because she refused to serve alcohol in the White House.
  • Lucy Hayes was the first First Lady to have graduated from college.
  • He won the presidency by only one electoral vote. He was also the first president to win the presidency while losing the popular vote.
  • He signed the act that permitted women to plead before the Supreme Court.
  • The first White House telephone was installed, by Alexander Graham Bell himself, during the Hayes administration.
  • The first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn was conducted by Hayes and his wife.
  • Hayes was the first president to have a telephone and a typewriter in the White House.

“Every expert was once a beginner.”

“Nothing brings out the lower traits of human nature like office seeking.”

“He serves his party best who serves the country best.”

“To vote is like the payment of a debt, a duty never to be neglected, if its performance is possible.”

“One of the tests of the civilization of people is the treatment of its criminals.”

Previous President: Ulysses S. Grant
Next President: James A. Garfield