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4th President of the United States
(March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1817)
Nicknames: "Father of the Constitution"
Born: March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia
Died: June 28, 1836, at Montpelier, Virginia
Father: James Madison
Mother: Nelly Conway Madison
Married: Dolley Payne Todd (1768-1849), on September 15, 1794
Education: Graduated from College of New Jersey (now Princeton University; 1771)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Other Government Positions:
- Member of Virginia Constitutional Convention, 1776
- Member of Continental Congress, 1780-83
- Member of Virginia Legislature, 1784-86
- Member of Constitutional Convention, 1787
- Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1789-97
- Secretary of State, 1801-09 (under Jefferson)
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
Vice Presidents: George Clinton (1809-12); Elbridge Gerry (1813-14)
- Secretary of State
- Robert Smith (1809-11)
- James Monroe (1811-17)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Albert Gallatin (1809-14)
- George W. Campbell (1814)
- Alexander J. Dallas (1814-16)
- William H. Crawford (1816-17)
- Secretary of War
- William Eustis (1809-12)
- John Armstrong (1813-14)
- James Monroe (1814-15)
- William H. Crawford (1815-16)
- Attorney General
- Caesar A. Rodney (1809-11)
- William Pinkney (1812-14)
- Richard Rush (1814-17)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Paul Hamilton (1809-12)
- William Jones (1813-14)
- Benjamin W. Crowninshield (1815-17)
- Madison allows 20-year charter of Bank of the United States to lapse.
- William Henry Harrison fought Indians led by Chief Tecumseh at Tippecanoe, near Indianapolis, November 7.
- War declared on England on June 18 after England continued to attack U.S. ships headed to France.
- Madison reelected.
- Andrew Jackson defeated British at New Orleans January 8, after war ended.
- Second Bank of the United States chartered, April 10.
- James Madison -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- James Madison -- from Table of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States - MSN Encarta
- Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by Ralph Ketcham of Syracuse University, along with suggestions for further reading.
- James Madison -- from The American President
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- A Colored Man's Reminiscences of James Madison -- by Paul Jennings
- Observations from one of Madison's slaves.
- James Madison -- from Heritage by LeftJustified
- Biography focusing on Madison's contribution to the Constitution of the United States.
- James Madison and Slavery -- by Kenneth M. Clark
- Extensive paper with bibliography.
- First Inaugural Address (1809)
- Second Inaugural Address (1813)
- Memorial and Remonstrance (1785)
- The Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 reported by James Madison (1787)
- Constitution of the United States (1787)
- Federalist Papers (1787-1788)
Other Internet Resources:
- James Madison Building
- Inscriptions and quotations in the James Madison Building of the Library of Congress.
- James Madison Museum
- Facts, tourist information, and an online bookstore.
- Hours and brief description.
Points of Interest:
- Madison was the first president who had prior service as a congressman.
- Zachary Taylor and Madison were second cousins.
- Madison was the first president to wear long trousers. All previous presidents wore knee breeches.
- During the War of 1812 Madison was under enemy fire. He was the first president to be in that situation.
- At 5 feet, 4 inches and less than 100 pounds, he was the shortest and lightest president.
- Dolley Madison sent the first personal message using the Morse telegraph in 1844.
Previous President: Thomas Jefferson | Next President: James Monroe
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