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2nd President of the United States
(March 4, 1797 to March 3, 1801)
Nickname: "Atlas of Independence"
Born: October 30, 1735, in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
Died: July 4, 1826, in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
Father: John Adams
Mother: Susanna Boylston Adams
Married: Abigail Smith (1744-1818), on October 25, 1764
Children: Abigail Amelia Adams (1765-1813); John Quincy Adams (1767-1848); Susanna Adams (1768-70); Charles Adams (1770-1800); Thomas Boylston Adams (1772-1832)
Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1755)
Political Party: Federalist
Other Government Positions:
- Member of Continental Congress, 1774-78
- Commissioner to France, 1778
- Minister to the Netherlands, 1780
- Minister to England, 1785
- Vice President, 1789-97 (under Washington)
Presidential Salary: $25,000/year
Vice President: Thomas Jefferson (1797-1801)
- Secretary of State
- Timothy Pickering (1797-1800)
- John Marshall (1800-01)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (1797-1801)
- Samuel Dexter (1801)
- Secretary of War
- James McHenry (1797-1800)
- Samuel Dexter (1800-01)
- Attorney General
- Charles Lee (1797-1801)
- Secretary of the Navy
- Benjamin Stoddert (1798-1801)
- E Pluribus Unum: "Out of Many, One"; added to American coins.
- Three anonymous French trouble makers brought France and the U.S. to the brink of war in what became known as the XYZ Affair.
- Federalists support the highly unpopular Alien and Sedition Acts. They would later be repealed.
- U.S. capital relocated to Washington, D.C. from Philadelphia.
- Jefferson defeated Adams.
- Congress established Library of Congress.
- John Adams -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- John Adams -- from Table of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States - MSN Encarta
- Grolier Online has created this resource from its collection of print articles in Encyclopedia Americana. Contains a full biography, written by John A. Schultz of the University of Southern California, along with suggestions for further reading.
- John Adams -- from The American President
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Biography of John Adams -- from From Revolution to Reconstruction
- Biography written by Jim Liesenfelt for this American Revolution HTML project. Still under construction, but does contain some original material.
- Novanglus (1775)
- Inaugural Address (1797)
- XYZ Affair (1797)
- Thoughts on Government
Other Internet Resources:
- Adams National Historical Site
- The birthplace of John Adams and other notable Americans. From the National Park Service.
- John Adams Building
- Inscriptions and quotations in the John Adams Building of the Library of Congress. Photographs of this building of the Library of Congress are included.
Points of Interest:
- The Adams' were the first residents of the White House. They moved in in November 1800 while the paint was still wet. Mrs. Adams would hang her laundry in the East Room to dry.
- Adams was one of three presidents not to attend the inauguration of his successor. Not only was Adams disappointed in losing to Jefferson, he was also grieving the death of his son Charles.
- Adams was the great-great-grandson of John and Priscilla Alden, Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620.
- The only presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence Adams and Jefferson both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. Adams' dying words were "Thomas Jefferson survives". Jefferson, however, had passed on a few hours earlier.
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